Highways and expressways
The following controlled access highways and expressways serve Hamilton:
|Highway||Where in Hamilton||Where it can take you|
|Queen Elizabeth Way||north Hamilton and Stoney Creek||north-east to Toronto, south-east to Niagara Falls and Buffalo|
|Highway 403||Ancaster and west Hamilton||to Brantford, Woodstock and the 401 West|
|Highway 6||Flamborough, Hamilton and Glanbrook||to Port Dover on Lake Erie|
|Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway 'The LINC,'||Mountain||west to the 403|
Hamilton has several other current or former Ontario highways, but they are not divided controlled-access highways. The controversial Red Hill Creek extension of the LINC is under construction to join the LINC with the QEW in east Hamilton.
When George Hamilton laid out the city, he kept several east-west roads which were originally Indian trails, but laid out north-south streets were on a regular grid pattern. The major north-south streets spaced approximately one half-mile apart and major east-west streets generally spaced six tenths of a mile apart - thus enclosing 160-acre concessions. He named many of the streets after his offspring, including James, John, Catherine and Mary.
Streets were designated "East" or "West" if they crossed James Street or King's Highway No. 6. Streets were designated "North" or "South" if they crossed King Street or King's Highway No. 8. Grid streets on the Mountain bear the name of their lower city counterparts with the prefix "Upper" except for Garth Street, which would be Upper Dundurn Street if the pattern held.
East-west streets on the central and east Mountain are pretty regular, while those in the lower city (especially major ones) and west Mountain are very irregular. King and Main Streets run approximately parallel to one another though they intersect at the Delta. They are usually one way streets in opposite directions (Main-East, King-West), and can be thought of as a single (very wide) boulevard creating a usually efficient flow of traffic.
Several streets have recently converted from one-way to two-way, like James St. North, and have enjoyed a resurgence in local business, expediting reinvestment in buildings.