Hamilton Ontario City Information

Here are some basic facts about Hamilton:


View of Hamilton Skyway across the harbour from downtown The City of Hamilton is nestled on the western end of the Niagara Peninsula, at a large natural harbour on the western end of Lake Ontario, just 74 km (46 miles), southwest of Toronto. The city sits on the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) connecting Toronto and Niagara Falls and Buffalo, New York. The city is at 43 degrees 15 minutes North and 79 degrees 51 minutes West. The downtown (on the shores of Lake Ontario) lies at 75 metres (246 ft) above sea level, while the city's airport atop the Mountain (and providing the city's weather data) lies 237 metres (777 ft) above sea level. We are in Eastern standard time, The same as Toronto and New York, and 6 hours earlier than western Europe.


1815 George Hamilton laid out a townsite in Barton Township and named the town after himself. Over the years the city has grown and is now the seat of the Hamilton-Wentworth Region. Hamilton has several nicknames relating to its industrial and steel-making heritage, including Steeltown, the Hammer, Hammertown, and the Lunchbucket City.


The population of Hamilton is 490,000. The Hamilton-Wentworth Region has a population of about 662,400.

Ontario is the most populous of Canada's provinces, and was one of the original provinces in Canada's Confederation in 1867. Ontario has 11 million residents in its 1,100,000 square kilometres (413,000 sq miles). Hamilton is just 74 km (46 miles), southwest of the province's capital city, Toronto.


Health care has recently outstripped heavy industry (Steel and other manufacturing) as the city's largest employer. The education, government, services and technology sectors have all dramatically developed as heavy industry has declined over recent decades.


The climate of Hamilton is humid continental and relatively mild compared with most of Canada. The average January temperature is slightly below freezing but most days rise just above, creating slushy conditions during snowfalls. Winter snowfall averages 113cm (44") with large annual fluctuations. The average July temperature (of both day and night) is 22.5C (72.5F) with high summertime humidity levels. Daytime temperatures typically climb into the 30's with 'humidex' values in the 40's between May and early October.

The lower city's climate is generally much more sheltered and mild than the top of "the mountain". The shorter growing season is combined with more blustery winters and more snow. Summertime temperature inversions combine with the escarpment to trap smog in the downtown area to reduce downtown visibility to under 2 kilometres.

Average daily temperatures are:




























An approximate guide to Celsius Temperatures is as follows:

Metric-Imperial temperature conversion chart

Hamilton gets a total of 700 millimetres (28 inches) of precipitation per year,and 200cm (78 inches) of snow.


Some hotels include tips or gratuities with group programs to simplify bookkeeping. This will usually include gratuities for housekeeping, bell service and food service. In a hotel, bell service should be tipped about $1 per bag, and housekeeping $1 to $5 dollars a day (in proportion to your room rate). Visitors should know that the standard tip in restaurants is 10%-15% (on restaurant bills, an average tip will be 50% higher the GST & tax), with 20% (about double the GST & tax) for very outstanding service. This is especially important for visitors from countries where tipping on meals is not done: here the waitering staff depend on tips for a significant portion of their incomes. Tip taxis about 10%, and a dollar a bag they carry for you (not just unload), or at the very least round fares up to the nearest dollar.